Environmental and Social Loan Policies

Garanti BBVA implements Sustainability Policy to improve its fundamental banking approach by integrating Sustainable Development Goals and the Paris Agreement into its strategies and activities. The Environmental and Social Loan Policies (ESLP) is prepared in accordance with the general principles on Sustainability set forth in Sustainability Policy of our Bank.

ESLP constitutes a risk management framework that serves to identify, evaluate and manage non-financial risks of loan processes such as environmental, social, governance and occupational health and safety risks as well as their potential impacts in consideration of local legislation and internationally accepted guidelines and standards. ESLP is published in 2023. Please find  ESLP here

Loan requests received by Garanti BBVA are first subjected to ESLP and controlled and managed in accordance with the policy with the following steps:

Control of Prohibited Activities and Clients

Garanti BBVA does not participate in the financing of any activity (particularly the ones involving the below mentioned areas) that is prohibited or restricted by national legislation and the international conventions to which Romania is a signatory, without the need for further assessments and regardless of amount.

1. The transactions, institutions and organizations that are included in the Defense Norms and prohibited due to their relevance to the defense industry across Garanti BBVA Group are as follows:

2  Cases that constitute a violation of environmental, occupational health and safety legislation of European Union and / or international conventions to which EU is a signatory,

3  Companies with concrete evidence (based on court decisions and related legal disputes) that proves the violation of existing laws and regulations or human rights regardless of country,

4  Individuals and organizations that employ children and / or young workers against the working procedures established within the scope of national legislation and are engaged in forced labor,

5  Individuals and entities that violate the principles of human rights as defined by the labor legislation in Romania and the following principles:

6  Individuals and entities that contravene the legislation on misconduct or non-ethical conduct that covers deceit, fraud, embezzlement, bribery, corruption and all other unlawful acts,

7  Production or trading of any product that is declared illegal pursuant to national legislation or international conventions, and / or pharmaceutical products that are subject to international prohibitions, such as like insecticides / herbicides, ozone depleting substances, or PCB’s,

8  Fisheries that use drift nets longer than 2,5 km and considered illegal  and overfishing3,

9  Production or trading of wood products and other forestry products that are derived from forestry practices4  that are not managed in a sustainable manner and violate the EU legislation and international conventions to which EU is signatory

10  Commercial activities that adversely affect tropical rainforests,

11  Production, storage, transportation and trading of hazardous chemicals (including petroleum, kerosene and petrochemicals) in large quantities5

12  Activities carried out in or threatening RAMSAR 6 (Wetlands of International Importance),

13  Activities with an impact area that jeopardize cultural heritage characteristics of UNESCO World Heritage Sites 7 ,

14  Activities in breach of the provisions of CITES (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora) 8,

15  Activities in regions designated by the Alliance for Zero Extinction 9 ,

16  Activities in regions designated under Categories 1 to 4 of the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN)10 ,

17  Activities carried out in areas where Indigenous Communities 11  live without the written consent of these communities and / or against their will without informing them or including them in the decision-making process causing displacement or violation of their rights,

18  Extraction, processing, sales and import of any form of asbestos, import or sales of any product that contains asbestos, production and processing or trading of asbestos products or asbestos-added products,

19  Companies that engage in or are found to be involved with the production and/or trading of radioactive substances  (excluding power plants that meet the highest international standards built to meet the essential energy needs of a country and are essential for the national economy, medical equipment, quality control devices, and other cases where the radioactive substances are used in a limited manner, in negligible quantities and with appropriate protection in place).12

20  Persons and institutions mentioned in the black lists published by national and international authorities on money laundering and terrorism financing,

21  Companies whose headquarters is located in countries sanctioned by the EU, the USA or the United Nations 13 

  1. The term ‘controversial weapons’ denotes weapons considered controversial by international opinion, governments or organizations such as the United Nations due to their capacity to inflict disproportionate number of casualties or their potential impact on the civilian population.
  2. Landmines are generally categorized into the two main groups of anti-personnel (AP) and anti-tank (AT) mines.
  3. By international conventions signed by Romania/EU
  4. The definition of Sustainable Forestry Management (SFM) is as stated in the resolutions of the Ministerial Conference on Protection of Forests in Europe, which was held in Helsinki in 1993 as part of the Pan-European regional process following the Environment and Development Conference in Rio in 1992. Forestry operations include the first link in the value chain that directly involves forestry activities, such as lumber and pulp wood production.
  5. Applicable to microfinance activities.
  6. For a list of RAMSAR sites, see https://www.ramsar.org/country-profile/romania
  7. For the current list of heritage sites, see https://whc.unesco.org/en/statesparties/ro
  8. For further information on species, see https://cites.org/eng/app/appendices.php . The requirements of the “Regulation on the Implementation of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Animals and Plants” are taken into account.
  9. For the current list, see https://zeroextinction.org/site-identification/2018-global-aze-map/
  10. For the current category descriptions of nature reserves, see https://iucn.org/resources/conservation-tool/iucn-green-list-protected-and-conserved-areas .
  11. “Indigenous People” is a broad term that refers to ethnic groups that display the following characteristics in varying degrees and are significantly distinct in terms of their society and culture:
  12. Identification with distinct and unique local culture and being acknowledged as such by others;
  13. Communal dependence on different geographical habitats or ancestral territories and natural resources in these;